Career in Journalism: Domains of Sector

Career in Journalism

This piece of writing penned by Arundhati Sarkar delves into a career in journalism with specific focus in the domains you can choose within. Read on.

What form of journalism are you interested in?

Journalists often define themselves not by the medium they work for, but the kind of stories they tell. Often journalists are assigned beats,or they choose a particular domain that they will cover exclusively.

These journalists have the opportunity to develop a high level of expertise in their beats and build valuable contacts in the field. lists for you, major beats in the field of Journalism. This article looks at the various domains you could enter as a journalist.

Sports Journalism:Sports journalism is a form of journalistic writing of reports on sporting subjects. Sports journalists work in all wings of media, including print, television broadcasting, radio and the Internet.

In sports journalism, it is always preferred that, a reporter covering a sport, have adequate knowledge of the game, and hence, if you are a sports fan and would like to pursue journalism, read on to find out how you can make a good career in sport journalism.

Sports journalists working in the print medium provide detailed openings of forthcoming events and post-game analysis, in addition interviews of players, player statistics and team standings. As a sports writer or reporter, you could blog, write narrative sports features and write sports columns.

If you are interested in broadcast, then a much more exciting career awaits before you. Broadcast sports correspondents provide real-time reportage and commentary of a sporting event for television and radio.

Business Journalism: Business journalism is the practice of assembling and presenting news and commentary concerned with business and economy.

Business journalists cover news about the local, national and global economies. Business reporters need to simplify complex economic topics and jargons into terms understandable to the general public. Business Journalists also work in diverse media outlets, including print, television, radio and online.

Though some companies may hire business reporters without precise business training, some type of formal business schooling may improve job prospects. Business and finance reporters need excellent connections to break exclusive stories, be able to write attention-grabbing features, diagnostic features and interview major business and finance figures.

Crime Journalism: Reporting on crime can be worrying, difficult and occasionally even downright gloomy.  Every news organization covers crime, and to perform well in this beat, reporters need to look for trends as well as for the impact of crime on individuals and societies.

Spending time on the crime beat, meeting police, firehouses, and with emergency medical technicians, getting to know their problems and procedures, can aid cover crime stories.

Misusing terms is a quick way to lose any credibility you’ve built up with law enforcement sources, for instance, a burglary and a robbery are not the same thing. Crime reporters need to follow certain guidelines in cover crime. 

Political Journalism: Political journalistshave the responsibility to gather and analyse information from the field of politics. A political journalist prepares reports, articles and interviews for print and online publications, as well as television and radio broadcasts, based on political matters and events.

They bring to public, political news at the local, state, national, and international levels. Political correspondents often travel to gather information for their reports. During the time of an election, a reporter doing a certain story that is in election agenda travels to various places to gather relevant information from sources.

Correspondents who cover international politics may be out of the country for long periods of time to cover several events of politics. A political correspondent or commentator needs years of experience and involvement in the field and strong knowledge of and passion for politics. 

Investigative Journalism:  In this beat of journalism, the reporter or the journalist aims to uncover the truth about a particular subject, person, or occurrence.

“While investigative journalism is based on the basic principle underlying all journalism-verification and accurate presentation of facts-investigative reporters must often work with uncooperative or recalcitrant sources who do not wish to divulge information”, EN Jio.

In this form of journalism, journalists conductvarious researches to get an outcome for exposing to the public, matters that are hidden or masked. It requires using secret, open sources, documents and analytical skills. 

Lifestyle Journalism: Lifestyle journalism is driven by personal interests, as well as professional experience gained.Fields such as lifestyle journalism are increasingly becoming popular. Lifestyle journalism is a change away from hard news to more entertainment-based information.

Those interested in writing about lifestyle subjects for magazines, Life & Style sections in weekend newspaper, as well as blogging or contributing to websites about specific interests, like travel, food, arts and culture, pursue this profession. 

Development Journalism: Development journalismlooks at investigative reporting focuses on conditions in developing nations, and ways to improve lives of the people in the economically backward areas.

A development journalist writes about the concerns of common people, local education and empowerment. Journalists attempt to document the conditions within a country so that the larger world can understand them.

Reporters are encouraged to travel to remote areas, interact with the citizens of the country, and cover social issues that otherwise gets masked.

Uncovering the political, social and economic aspects of development in a particular country or area, are some examples of development reporting. Journalists try to bring about an alternate view of looking at the society, though editorials, blogs, research articles, and special human interest stories.

So, choose your beat, work for it, live your passion!

Arundhati Sarkar

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