The existing cut throat competition is no surprise to modern day students. However, what is arising as a major issue today is the rising percentage in examination results.
Scoring 90%, which seemed like a far cry even a decade ago is today causing an unpleasant uproar in the world of education.
To have a detailed understanding of the situation let us sequentially discus the inception, objective, functioning and consequences of the 90%+ era with emphasis on the last segment.
India still has a very large population to be educated and even with free education and food for children; students drop out in large numbers as they go higher due to abject poverty, inability to cope with the subjects and thus failure.
The solution that was devised for this was a boost in examination marks to motivate the average Indian student to continue further leading to a better educated nation of youth.
Hence, in the past 5-6 yrs, the marks of students in board exams have shot up to where it has almost reached a point where there’s nowhere left to go.
Every other student is a 90% holder and despite the marks telling him that he is brilliant, (because that’s what a 90% means right?!) institutes of higher education have no place for him.
Though the steep inflation of marks is one reason, the most significant problem is the streamlining of subjects and careers based on popular choice resulting in all students above the average mark attempt a career in stereotypes like Medicine, Engineering, Commerce Economics and Law.
Now this phenomenon is causing trouble in many areas. To begin with, all the hype around a Science plays with the student psychology who, after the Xth standard cares more about his reputation than his future.
The confusion however does not halt here, after class XII professional courses become the natural course of action if you hope to retain any of that “reputation”.
Parents encourage this disillusionment as they believe a 90% deserves no less. The mindset is thus armoured by a high percentage but spatial restrictions prevent further growth. Though medical courses are usually entrance bases, others like engineering might not always be so the student somehow manages a seat in a private college.
Law and economics are a little less rigid and a 90% might just get you decent institutions. Furthermore, law has competitive exams which give you the scope of rectifying any mistakes you committed in your higher secondary exams.
The larger picture here is that most engineering graduates do not get employed as engineers for the number of graduates are far more than the jobs available. Medical students find it equally hard to get a postgraduate degree with which their graduation is useless.
The astonishing fact is that there is a huge crisis in the country’s research and development sector for all fairly good students opt for professional courses and the rest such as pure science and humanities is largely being pursued by those who have nowhere else to go and even here the 90% is leaving no scope for its lower less fortunate marks.
The shortage in research has reached such a point that the government is compelled to give scholarships to incentivize academic learning.
To summarize, the most visible consequence of high marks and stereotypical career choices are an ultimately dissatisfied student population that could have opted for a variety of research oriented subjects which could have benefited the state too.